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How to Make Matcha Green Tea: Step-by-Step Guide

Matcha green tea has become increasingly popular worldwide, and for good reason. This vibrant, bright green beverage not only boasts a unique, delicious taste, but also offers an array of health benefits, thanks to its high antioxidant content. But did you know that making the perfect cup of matcha is an art that requires the right tools and techniques? In this blog post, we will guide you through the process of how to make matcha green tea and help you discover the true potential of this delightful Japanese beverage.

From understanding the different grades of matcha to mastering the art of whisking and frothing, we will explore every aspect of this simple recipe for traditional Japanese tea preparation. By the end of this post, you’ll be ready to impress your friends and family with your matcha-making skills and enjoy a delicious, steaming cup of matcha green tea at home. Before making your first cup of matcha, be sure to buy one of the best brands here.

Short Summary

  • Matcha green tea is available in two grades, ceremonial and culinary.
  • Essential tools for making matcha include a bamboo whisk, tea bowl, and scoop to prepare the beverage with rich flavor.
  • Step-by-step guide provides instructions on mixing powder with water, customizing flavors & sweeteners, creating latte drinks as well as serving & storing suggestions.

Matcha Grades: Ceremonial vs Culinary

matcha, organic, matcha powder

Matcha, a Japanese green tea made from powdered tea leaves, comes in two main grades: ceremonial matcha and culinary. Ceremonial grade matcha is considered the highest quality, boasting a fine powder that delivers a superior flavor and texture compared to its culinary counterpart. This grade is traditionally used in Japanese tea ceremonies and offers a smoother, more delicate taste.

Culinary grade matcha is primarily used for culinary purposes. It can be used to make matcha-infused desserts and sweets. While it may be less expensive, it can still be enjoyed as a beverage by mixing it with oat milk for a delicious matcha latte.

Both grades of matcha provide health benefits, such as antioxidants that may help lower blood pressure, reduce the risk of heart disease, and potentially even enhance one’s metabolism.

Essential Tools for Making Matcha

matcha, powder, tea

To make the perfect cup of matcha green tea, you’ll need a few essential tools: a bamboo whisk (chasen), tea bowl (chawan), and bamboo scoop (chashaku). These traditional Japanese tea utensils play an important role in the preparation of matcha, ensuring that the fine powder is evenly mixed with water, resulting in a smooth and frothy beverage.

Using these tools not only enhances the overall experience of brewing matcha, but also ensures that you get the most out of its rich flavor and health benefits.

In the following subsections, we will delve into the specific roles and techniques associated with each tool, helping you become a true matcha connoisseur.

Bamboo Whisk (Chasen)

The chasen, a traditional bamboo whisk, is an indispensable tool in Japanese tea ceremonies and plays a crucial role in preparing matcha green tea. It is used to whisk the matcha powder and water together, creating a pleasant rich foam that enhances the taste and texture of the tea.

While a chasen is the preferred method for whisking matcha, there are alternatives available if you don’t have one at your disposal. For instance, you can use an electric milk frother or even a fork or spoon combined with a fine mesh strainer to ensure a smooth and frothy consistency.

Tea Bowl (Chawan)

The tea bowl, or chawan, is another essential tool in matcha preparation. It serves as the vessel for containing the matcha powder and hot water while whisking. The chawan not only adds to the traditional aesthetic of the tea ceremony, but also allows for a more comfortable tea whisk-ing experience.

To maintain the quality of your chawan, it’s important to clean and store it properly. Rinse the chawan thoroughly after use. Allow it to air dry in an open area. Once the surface of the bowl is dry, don’t be in a hurry to use it. Ceramic tends to retain moisture internally, so it needs some extra time to dry completely. This ensures that your Chawan remains in excellent condition for your next matcha bowl experience.

Bamboo Scoop (Chashaku)

The chashaku, a traditional Japanese tea utensil, is used to measure out the precise serving of powdered matcha. Employing a chashaku ensures an accurate amount of powder, consistent and precise measurements, prevents over or under-scooping, and enhances the overall experience of brewing matcha.

To use the chashaku, grasp the handle in one hand and use the other to scoop a few drops of the matcha powder. Then distribute the powder evenly in the tea bowl in a circular motion, ensuring the powder is evenly dispersed.

Step-by-Step Guide to Making Matcha Green Tea

tea, cup, pot

Now that you’re familiar with the essential tools and techniques, it’s time to put them into practice and make your own matcha green tea. The process to prepare matcha tea involves three main steps: preparing the matcha powder, mixing it with water, and whisking and freezing. By following these steps carefully, you’ll be able to create a delicious, steaming cup of matcha green tea that rivals any served in traditional Japanese tea ceremonies.

In the following subsections, we will provide a detailed, step-by-step guide to making matcha green tea. From selecting the right grade of matcha powder to mastering the art of whisking, you’ll be well on your way to enjoying this delightful Japanese beverage in the comfort of your own home.

Preparing the Matcha Powder

The process of creating matcha powder begins with shading the designated tea plants for 20-30 days prior to harvest to avoid direct sunlight. This shading method produces tea leaves with a higher chlorophyll content, giving matcha its distinctive bright green color. The leaves are carefully prepped before the grinding process. They have to be stripped of their stems and veins so that only pure leaf proteins remain. The powder is then stone-ground for a fine consistency.

When whisking matcha for usucha (thin tea), it’s important to use brisk wrist movements in a back-and-forth “W” or “M” motion, without utilizing arm movement. This technique ensures the powder is evenly dispersed in the water and creates a foamy layer on top of the tea. Begin whisking when small bubbles start to form on the surface of the tea.

Mixing Your Green Tea Powder with Water

To properly mix matcha powder with water, you’ll need to measure out the correct amounts of both ingredients. 1. Use 1 to 2 heaping scoops of green tea powder for one tea bowl, which is approximately 2 grams. 2. Pour 2 to 2.4 ounces (60-70 ml) of hot water over the thin matcha powder. The recommended temperature for the water is 80°C (175°F).

Pour the hot water into the tea bowl containing the matcha powder, and then use your chosen matcha whisk-ing tool (such as a bamboo whisk or electric frother) vigorously whisk the matcha and boiling water together until a thick foam forms on top of the liquid.

Whisking and Frothing

Whisking and frothing are essential steps in making matcha green tea, as they determine the texture and overall quality of the beverage. The goal is to create a thick, velvety froth on the surface of the already ground green tea leaves, which not only enhances the taste regular green tea, but also adds to the visual appeal of the drink.

When preparing usucha, it’s important to whisk vigorously from side to side, either directly back and forth or in a zigzag pattern, to ensure the powder is evenly dispersed in the water and a foamy layer thick matcha is created on top pour boiling water. At the end of whisking, draw one circle and lift the whisk in the center of the matcha tea to create a slightly higher, fluffy foam at the center.

Customizing Your Matcha Experience

While the traditional preparation of matcha green tea is undeniably delightful, you may wish to customize your matcha experience by incorporating different flavors or preparation methods. For instance, you can adjust the thickness of the whole powdered green tea, by using less water, or even create a refreshing cold brew matcha by shaking the powder with cold water in a bottle.

In the following subsections, we will explore various ways to personalize your matcha experience, including creating a matcha latte or sweetening the drink with honey, agave nectar, or granulated sugar. These options allow you to enjoy matcha in a way that suits your taste preferences and lifestyle.

Creating a Matcha Latte

A matcha latte is a delicious, creamy alternative to traditional matcha green tea that can be enjoyed hot or iced. To make a matcha latte, whisk 1 1/2 teaspoons of matcha powder with 1 tablespoon of hot water until it forms a paste. Then, add 8 ounces of steamed milk (you can use dairy milk, almond milk, soy milk, or any other plant-based milk) to the matcha paste and sweeten to taste.

Whether you’re a seasoned matcha enthusiast or new to the world of green tea, a matcha latte offers a unique and delightful twist that’s perfect for sipping at home or on the go. Enjoy your matcha latte as part of your morning routine or as a comforting afternoon pick-me-up.

Sweetening Your Matcha

honey, syrup, pouring

While some may enjoy the natural, slightly bitter taste of matcha green tea, others may prefer a touch of sweetness to balance the flavor. There are several ways to sweeten your matcha, including using honey, agave nectar, or granulated sugar.

Experiment with different sweeteners and quantities to find the perfect level of sweetness for your taste buds. You can even try adding other flavorings, such as mint or lemon juice, to further enhance the taste of your matcha green tea.

Enjoying Matcha: Serving and Pairing Suggestions

matcha powder, latte, green

Matcha green tea can be enjoyed in various ways, depending on your personal preferences. You can serve it hot, warm, or iced, and it’s best consumed immediately after preparation to fully savor its deep and delicate flavor. In traditional Japanese tea ceremonies, matcha drinking tea is often served with a small sweet, known as wagashi, to balance the tea’s natural bitterness.

At home, you can enhance your matcha experience by pairing it with light Japanese snacks, such as rice crackers, mochi, or manju. These snacks complement the unique flavor of matcha and provide a delightful taste experience that transports you to the heart of Japanese culture.

Storing and Maintaining Matcha Quality

To ensure the freshness and quality of your matcha green tea, it’s important to store it properly. Seal the package tightly and store it inside an airtight can, away from direct sunlight and areas with high temperature or humidity. This will help maintain the vibrant color and rich flavor of your matcha.

For unopened packages of high-quality matcha powder, the shelf life is approximately six months. Once opened, it’s recommended to consume the good quality matcha powder within 2-3 weeks for optimal taste and quality.

By following these storage guidelines, you’ll be able to enjoy the full benefits and taste of your matcha green tea every time.


Throughout this blog post, we have explored the fascinating world of matcha green tea, providing you with the knowledge cooking tips and techniques to make the perfect cup at home. From understanding the different grades of matcha to mastering the art of whisking and frothing, you are now well-equipped to enjoy the delightful experience of matcha green tea.

Whether you prefer the traditional preparation or a customized matcha latte, the key lies in using the right tools and techniques to achieve the desired taste and texture. With practice and patience, you can turn your daily matcha ritual into a moment of mindfulness and tranquility, savoring the rich flavor and health benefits of this remarkable Japanese beverage.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do you mix matcha with water or milk?

For a classic, traditional cup of matcha, you’ll want to mix the powder with hot water. This will give you a very bitter and earthy flavor.

For something more indulgent, adding steamed or frozen coconut milk, will make it into a delicious latte. Ultimately, the choice is yours – enjoy your matcha however you’d like!

What is matcha made of?

Matcha is a fine powder made from green tea leaves that have been specially grown and processed. The leaves are shade-grown for several weeks, steamed, dried, and then ground into the signature fine powder.

This powder can then be whisked with hot water and then to create a rich and creamy cup of matcha tea.